Augmentation (Adding Bone)
Dental implants are placed in a functional and aesthetically appropriate position, especially in cases of upper jaw front or lower cine posterior regions with advanced bone deficiency. One of the methods applied to solve the problem is the region’s autogenous(individual’s own bone)with onlaygreftler and augmentasyon. For this purpose, autogenous bone grafts obtained from the lower cene posterior region are placed in the regions where the bone is inadequate and fixed with the osteosynthesis screws. The aim of the surgical method is to prepare bone defects for implant surgery after augmentation.Because of this method,the existing insufficient bone volume for the implant application is sufficient and the appropriate size and diameter of the implant can be applied.
Inadequate alveolar grafts may require bone graft procedures to achieve the proper bone volume prior to implant placement. This procedure is important for the placement of the implant in the appropriate position and also for the restoration of aesthetics. In the treatment of advanced bone defects, block grafts are frequently obtained from the ramus or simfiz region.
Implant treatment is closely related to the amount of bone and the relationship between the jaws. In cases where the width and/or height of the Alveol bone is not sufficient for implant placement, techniques such as autogenous bone grafts, alloplastic materials, distraction osteogenesis are used.
The amount and location of bone loss are among the factors that influence the selection of augmentation technique. Dislocation of the implant in the correct position causes undesired conditions in the Curonian exit profile3. The relationship between jaws should be evaluated in transverse, sagittal and frontal planes during clinical evaluation.
If the width of the Alveol bone is insufficient or the contours are not at the desired level, different treatment methods can be used. Small defects are treated with splittering or directed tissue regeneration (ydr), allografts or xenografts; large defects are successfully treated with inlay and onlay grafting techniques obtained from the outside of the mouth, such as large defects such as tibia, skapula, Calvary, or ramus, simfiz, tüber .In today’s reconstruction of defects, simfiz and ramus regions are considered as primary donor zones.