What Is Oral , Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery?

Soft tissue within the oral cavity (cheek, palate, tongue, lips) and hard tissue (teeth, bones) of any condition of interest diagnosis and surgery under local anesthesia, general anesthesia or under sedation anesthesia in the operating room environment by performing operations that performs a part.

How is intra-oral surgery performed?

Oral surgery is performed in operating room conditions and in a sterile environment by people who are experts on this subject. Intra-oral surgery, which is usually performed with local anesthesia, that is, by injecting the relevant area, can sometimes be performed with general anesthesia (narcosis) or sedation method for the patients.

What should be considered after surgery?

After tooth extraction high fever, non-stop bleeding, painful swelling with redness and bad odor complaint if you have blood mixed with saliva 4-5 days after a tooth extraction, swelling and difficulty in opening the mouth, if still persists, contact your doctor immediately

What is general anesthesia (narcosis) and sedation?

General anesthesia is the type of anesthesia in which a state of narcosis is provided by giving the patient intravenous drugs and tranquilizer gas. It is often preferred in patients with fear and anxiety, in people with mental retardation and in cases where local anesthesia is not sufficient. Sedation is the anesthesia in which the patient is provided with only intravenous drugs to sleep on the data. Sedation has no drug effect; therefore, patients are also given local anesthesia to numb the area of surgery.

Are you brushing too?

Tooth tightening and gnashing is an involuntary activity that can occur at night and/or during the day. It is observed in the majority of adult individuals in the community and is often not noticed until various negative symptoms appear. Among the cases that bring the patient to the physician; tooth sensitivity, wear, shaking, fracture, tooth nerve necrosis and injury to surrounding tissues, jaw joint disorders, headaches and dysfunctions may be included.

Is tooth tightening and grinding harmful in children?

The majority of children are observed to clench and squeak during sleep and during the day, especially during milk dentition, mixed dentition and permanent dentition. However, tooth tightening and grinding observed in children is considered to be a normal process.

What are the reasons for tooth tightening and grinding?

There are many reasons for tooth tightening and gnashing. Among these reasons; stress and personal characteristics, sleep patterns, breathing disorders, traumatic injuries, central nervous system disorders, illicit drug use, drug treatments, alcohol, caffeine, and factors such as smoking can be considered.

What is jaw joint discomfort (Temporomandibular discomfort)?

Jaw joint disorder is a complex disorder involving problems affecting the system of chewing muscles, the jaw joint, part of the head and neck muscles, joint ligaments, teeth, cheeks, lips and salivary glands. The number of patients admitted to dentists with jaw joint discomfort has been increasing with each passing year. The reason for this increase is not the absence of jaw joint discomfort; it is due to the increasing level of knowledge of dentists and otolaryngologists about this issue and their ability to diagnose it.

What are the symptoms of jaw joint discomfort?

There are many signs and symptoms of Temporomandibular (jaw) joint discomfort. Some of these signs and symptoms include::
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    • pain in the front of the ear, jaw joint, face‐ neck muscles and temples that start suddenly or slowly

 

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    • pain and fatigue while chewing or talking

 

    < li>difficulty in stretching and opening mouth< / li>

  • clicking, clanging sound when opening and closing the mouth < /li>
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  • due to friction between the teeth enamel in the teeth, loss of tooth height shortening, sensitivity, and in later times the outer limits of disclosure
  • fractures in teeth and fillings < / li>
    < li>wobble and interpenetration of teeth< / li>
    < li>pain in teeth < / li>
    < li>normal feeling of non-closing in the teeth< / li>
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  • pain in ears
  • < li>ringing in the ears< / li>
  • hearing problems in ears < / li>
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  • headaches
  • pain and pressure around the eye
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  • vertigo
  • pain associated with chewing muscles is caused by overwork of these muscles during tooth tightening and/or creaking; they can also cause head and neck and headaches. The pain associated with the jaw joint is caused by the change of hard and soft tissues within the jaw joint.< / li>
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What are the causes of jaw joint disorders?

Jaw joint disorders are many causes and include many diseases related to the region. The general view is that several factors come together to produce the disease. Some of these factors are:;Direct trauma to the jaws (accident, impact, sports injuries, fall, impact)Dental treatments that require the opening of the mouth for a long time

Excessive opening of the mouth during general anesthesia

Activities such as tooth tightening and/or squeaking, lip biting, nail eating, chewing gum

Abnormal relationship between upper and lower teeth

How to diagnose?

What is important in the diagnosis of jaw joint disorders is that the dentist has the ability and knowledge to accurately evaluate these data and to make a differential diagnosis.

The clinical examination of these disorders takes approximately 30-35 minutes. The dentist, after receiving the necessary information about health problems and oral diseases from the patient, tries to come to the diagnosis with a detailed examination involving the jaw joint and head and neck muscles. If necessary, MRI or other imaging methods may be used for diagnosis.

What is the treatment of tooth tightening and/or creaking?

Treatment of tooth tightening and/or creaking does not aim to eliminate involuntary activity. The treatment method used mostly involves controlling this activity using intra-oral apparatus and preventing pathological or physical changes that may occur.

What is the treatment of jaw joint disorder?

The main purpose of treatment for jaw joint discomfort is to regulate the pressure within the jaw joint and to ensure normal jaw functions. The use of Orthopaedic apparatus (splint), which is a conservative treatment for this disorder, has been proven by scientific research that it can be controlled by patient education and, if necessary, by physical and drug therapy.

What are the consequences if jaw joint discomfort is not controlled?

Decrease in vertical size as a result of wear on teeth, pain in teeth, jaw joint and chewing muscles, limitation of function, it can cause jaw locking and in advanced cases irreversible jaw joint deformations.