Orthodontic treatment-braces

It aims to provide a good aesthetic and function (biting, chewing, talking,laughing) in the teeth,jaw,face area, and to stop and treat the progress of existing disorders.

How many types of orthodontic treatment are there?

  1. Moving orthodontic treatment : it is a form of treatment in which various moving devices are used to prevent problems that may occur as a result of bad habit (finger sucking,abnormal swallowing), to make room for permanent teeth or to correct simple dental malocclusion.
  2. Fixed orthodontic treatment: braces that stick on the teeth,which are not removed during treatment, and wires that pass through these brackets are made. This treatment can be applied to individuals at any age who have healthy teeth and gums.

Causes of orthodontic problems

  1. Genetic (hereditary) irregularities
  2. Congenital abnormalities (cleft lip-palate))
  3. After-use habits such as finger sucking, pen biting, atypical swallowing (insertion of the tongue between the teeth) , long-term use of bottles and false teats can cause problems in skeletal and dental structure.
  4. Early loss of milk teeth and large bruises that cause loss of matter in milk teeth may cause permanent riding problems.
  5. Teeth grinding or falls, bumps, such as trauma can be the cause of orthodontic disorders.
  6. As a result of oral respiration since childhood, it causes the change of the head posture and deterioration of skeletal development.

What are the symptoms of orthodontic problems ?

Some of the symptoms that may occur in children can also be diagnosed by families.

1- Some habits of children can lead to orthodontic problems.

  • The making of sleeping with mouth open and mouth breathing
  • Tongue sticking out during swallowing
  • Continuing the sucking habits of fingers, bottles, false pacifiers
  • Cheek-lip bite
  • Nail and pencil bite
  • Difficulty biting and chewing
  • Speech disorders
  • Clenching and gnashing of teeth

2 – Elements related to jaw structure ;

  • Non-balanced face appearance
  • The upper or lower jaw is very prominent from the outside of the mouth.
  • The inability to close lips comfortably
  • The jaw is shifted to the right or left side

3 – Related to dental structure

  • The upper or lower teeth are very front or back.
  • The upper or lower teeth cover each other, and there is an opening between the lower and upper teeth.
  • The upper or lower teeth are too December or cramped
  • Simultaneous decay of the teeth on the right or left side of the upper or lower jaw

Benefits of orthodontic treatment

  • Clean and poorly positioned teeth, no matter how much they are brushed, are difficult to clean completely. There must be food residue between the teeth. Often, there is a high risk of contracting interface cavities and gum disease. There is a risk of bone loss and loss of teeth at an early age in these types of gingival problems. As a result of the middle eastontic treatment, decay, the formation of gingival diseases is prevented.
  • To reproduce the formation of functional problems (such as the jaw joint) which can also occur due to closure disorders, is also an important part of the treatment of these disorders.
  • Esthetic anxiety relief is provided.
  • Proteze in preparation for orthodontic treatment can be done, or sometimes orthodontic treatment can remove the need for dentures from there.
  • Functions such as speech ,breathing ,breathing are regulated.

How long does orthodontic treatment last?

Orthodontic treatment time varies considerably depending on the type of malocclusion flour, the type of treatment, the variety of apereylerinin used. Dental disorders can be treated with or without tooth extraction, this period varies between 1 and 2 years. The duration of skeletal-induced problems varies according to the age of the individual. In this type of treatment, the duration of treatment may increase to 3 years by following the growth and development period of the individual. This period is usually every 4-6 weeks and the necessary occlutmations are done on the wires.