Pedodontics – Oral and Dental Health in Children

My baby’s teeth are coming out…
Your baby 6. From the month the first milk begins to remove its teeth. Milk teeth are important in the development of babies. They play a role in chewing food, speaking, looking aesthetically beautiful, and removing permanent teeth in the normal position.

What do I need to do for healthy milk teeth?

Regular brushing, healthy eating habits and regular dental checkups are required for a healthy milk tooth sequence.

Brushing should be done 2 times a day with soft and age-appropriate brushes from the time the milk teeth come out. The purpose of brushing is to clean all white enamel surfaces. Brushing should be done after meals with circular movements from the gum to the mouth. Brushing should also be used only for the size of pea grains with fluoride toothpaste appropriate to the child’s age. Before going to bed, you should brush your teeth.

What is bottle rot and how to prevent it?

In infants, especially when falling asleep at night, drinking milk or fruit juice with a bottle for a long time causes widespread decay of the teeth. The main reason for these common cavities is that the teeth are in contact with these fluids for a long time. It is therefore right that only water is given to the baby during the night.

What is bottle rot and how to prevent it?

While infants fall asleep at night, drinking milk or fruit juice with a bottle for a long time causes widespread decay of the teeth. The main reason for these common cavities is that the teeth are in contact with these fluids for a long time. It is therefore right that only water is given to the baby during the night.

What is fluoride application?

Fluoride helps strengthen the teeth. In order to strengthen the teeth in accordance with age, the dentist may perform a variety of fluoride treatments on the teeth surfaces in the clinic.

What consequences do bad habits have?

Insertion of the tongue between the teeth, finger sucking and nail eating, such as bad habits disrupt the milk tooth sequence, as well as affect the subsequent continuous tooth sequence. Facial development is impaired.

In the elimination of these habits, pedodontists should also cooperate with pedagogla if necessary.

Does gingival disease occur in children?

Gum disease can be seen in childhood more during tooth wear, when breathing is done by mouth, in closing disorders of teeth, due to bad habits and in herpes infection. The factors that make up the disease should be eliminated and necessary treatments should be done by dentists.

New teeth are coming out in my child's mouth...

the first permanent molars, around 6 years of age, last from behind the back teeth into the mouth, these teeth are often compared to the milk teeth. However, they are permanent teeth and do not change. Protecting the health of these teeth the child can chew, is of great importance in the development of the facial and Jawbone.

What is a fissure sealant?

Protective agents called fissure sealants are applied to the chewing surfaces of milk or permanent molars by dentists. By covering the chewing surfaces, fissure sealant cuts the contact of these indented protruding areas to bacteria and nutrients and prevents the formation of caries.

What is the right nutrition in terms of dental health?

In nutrition, especially between meals, sugary foods such as sugar and chocolate should be avoided. In addition, sweetened fruit juice and soda drinks should be restricted in the Dec meals. Instead of sugary refined foods, natural, juicy and high-fiber foods such as fruit should be recommended. Products bearing the ‘tooth-friendly’ logo should be preferred, especially if you want to eat something sweet between meals. These products do not rot teeth.

When is Orthodontics required?

Both milk and continuous dentition period, when there is a disorder in the tooth series, protective orthodontic treatments with the correct development of teeth, jaw bones, the child’s smooth face appearance and the ability to chew is provided.

Pedodontics, the word meaning ‘children’s dentistry’ and the period from birth to the end of adolescence is the Department of oral and dental health of children.

Within the scope of the study; dental decay disorders in children, follow-up and prevention, application of procedures to protect children from decay, milk and continuous tooth decay treatments, the formation of early tooth loss may occur with some apparatus to prevent the negative tooth series such as ensuring proper protection.

Does gingival disease occur in children?

Gum disease during childhood, more teeth during the last, oral breathing, closing disorders of teeth, it can be seen due to bad habits and herpes infection. The factors that make up the disease should be eliminated and necessary treatments should be done by dentists.

Oral and dental health in infants

the first appointment with the dentist must be made within about 6 months after the first upper tooth has come out, or until one year of age at the latest. However, if this happens, the dentist may monitor the child, warn the family about the wrong eating habits and inform the family about the treatments that prevent decay. It is important to continue these visits with a six-month break for early treatment of caries lesions that may occur. The treatments to be applied should be decided by taking into account the riding and falling Times of the teeth. Tooth decay is a disease caused by bacteria that can spread from mother to child. This is why the child’s bottle or spoon of food in the mother’s mouth by trying to cool, close to the mouth to kiss the baby’s mouth causes other diseases as well as the transmission of tooth decay.

Bottle rot

mother breastfeeding her baby during the night causes teeth to decay very early. The sugar called lactose in the structure of Mother’s milk is a very caryogenic substance. Therefore, it is necessary to apply the final breastfeeding before the baby goes to sleep for the long evening.

Another form of bottle rot occurs as a result of taking long-term milk or formula with a bottle at night. Eating carbohydrates (free sugar) – rich liquids while first teeth last can also lead to severe decay of teeth before the age of two.

In order to avoid bottle decay, it is necessary to continue the use of the bottle for up to 12-13 months, not to use the bottle immediately before or during sleep, and to drink water immediately after the bottle if possible, and to brush the teeth and gums regularly.

Treatment; early diagnosis of caries, facilitates the treatment to be applied. The child should be taken to the dentist as soon as possible. The bruises that occur at this age can also be treated with general anesthesia.

Dental caries and restorations

in case of caries lesions occurring in milk teeth, the treatment method is decided based on the age of the tooth fall, the depth of the caries and the resulting loss of tissue. Teeth can be restored with fillers or stainless steel crowns. Permanent tooth decay lesions can also be treated and restored with various fillers.

Dental infections

when dental tissue loses vitality, it can cause pain and swelling. Tooth decay or trauma to the tooth can occur as a result of the loss of vitality. Tooth discoloration or advanced bruises can be a sign of infection.

The infection can occur in both milk teeth and permanent teeth. You may need to use antibiotics before root canal treatment or tooth extraction. As a result of infections, the tooth does not always need to be pulled. If there is any doubt about tooth injury or decay, contact your dentist as soon as possible.

Placeholders

if the milk tooth needs to be pulled before the fall age, it should be decided to make a placeholder to prevent loss of space. After being measured by the dentist, technicians prepare the placeholder. It is necessary to keep the placeholder in the mouth until the expected tooth comes from the bottom.

The placeholders can be of two different types, fixed and movable. The teeth are removed from the mouth by the dentist when the tooth is permanently replaced by the pulled milk tooth.

Moving placeholders can be fitted and removed by the child. However, it should be worn continuously to prevent ground loss, removed to clean after meals, and reattached after brushing.

Anti-decay applications

recent research on the frequency of caries shows that this frequency reaches 92-95 percent in children, especially during mixed dentition period (between the ages of 7-11). This high rate of Decay has made it mandatory for some methods to prevent decay to be applied on children in order to protect the child’s future oral and dental health and, more importantly, overall health.

If you are looking for a dental implant, you may want to consider a dental implant that has been placed on your teeth for a longer period of time.

Dental traumas

reaching the dentist as soon as possible after the trauma has occurred increases the success of the treatment. Not to lose the vitality of the tooth with the treatment to be applied immediately; it makes it easier to remove the discomfort that may occur, to restore the old shape and function of the tooth.

If the tooth is broken as a result of trauma, the broken part can be found and put in clean water, saline or milk and brought to the dentist as soon as possible, the broken part can be glued to the tooth and restoration flour can be more aesthetic, natural.

Complete dislocation of the tooth

a severe trauma to the tooth can cause the tooth to completely exit its socket. These accidents often occur in schools, play parks and pools where physical activity is intense. Wearing a seat belt when travelling by car and using a protective (mouthguard) when riding a bicycle reduces the risk of trauma.

If the tooth is permanently dislodged, it should be delivered to the dentist as soon as possible without touching the root of the tooth, such as milk, saline, or under the patient’s own tongue, after the tooth is found. Teeth that have suffered this kind of trauma can be successfully re-inserted into their sockets and restored to function when brought to the dentist in the right conditions and as soon as possible.

Reinforcement therapy

orthodontic treatment is the prevention phase of corrected disorders after treatment. The goal of this treatment is to maintain the correct positions in the time required for the formation of new bone around the teeth and adaptation of muscles to the new position so that the positions of the teeth and Jaws, which are restored to the old position, do not return to the old position.